Musikvokabeln - deutsch, englisch und französisch

Für alle Interessierten hier einige Vokabeln des alltäglichen Proben- und Auftrittgeschehens in einem Blasorchester.

Die Vokabeln sowie Sprachen werden weiter ergänzt, ein Blick lohnt sich also immer ;-)

Vielen Dank an unsere fleißigen Übersetzer!

Instrumente

de Instrumente [n pl] en instruments [pl] fr instruments [m pl]
Querflöte [f] flute la flûte traversière [f]
Klarinette [f] clarinet clarinette [f]
ES-Klarinette [f] E flat clarinet clarinette en mi b [f]
Bassklarinette [f] bass clarinet  
Oboe [f] oboe hautbois [m]
Fagott [n] bassoon basson [m]
Saxophon [n] saxophone saxophone [m]
Alt-Saxophon [n] Alto saxophone saxophone alto [m]
Tenorsaxophon [n] tenor saxophone saxophone ténor [m]
Baritonsaxophon [n] baritone saxophone saxophone baryton [m]
Trompete [f] trumpet trompette [f]
Flügelhorn [n] flugel horn bugle [m]
Tenorhorn [n] tenor horn -
Euphonium [n] euphonium euphonium [m]
Bariton [n] baritone baryton [m]
Waldhorn / Horn [n] french horn cor [m]
Posaune [f] trombone trombone [m]
Tuba [f] tuba tuba [m]
Schlagzeug [n] drum kit batterie [f]
Pauke [f] kettle drums timbale [f]
Becken [n] cymbal cymbale [f]
Glockenspiel [n] glockenspiel glockenspiel [m]
Große Trommel [f] drum grosse caisse [f]
Marschtrommel marching drum caisse claire [f]
Klavier [n] piano piano [m]
Dirigent [m] Conductor / musical director chef d'orchestre [m]
Dirigentin [f] Conductor / musical director chef d'orchestre [f]

Instrumentenfamilien

de Instrumentenfamilien [f pl] en family of instrument fr Familles d'instruments [f pl]
Holzblasinstrument [n] woodwind instrument bois [m pl]
Blechblasinstrument [n] brass instrument cuivres [m pl]
Schlaginstrument [n] percussion instrument percussions [f pl]

Notenwerte

de Notenwerte [f pl] en Note values [pl] fr Durées des notes [f pl]
ganze Note [f] semibreve ronde [f]
Halbe (Note) [f] minim blanche [f]
Viertel (Note) [f] crotchet noire [f]
Achtel (Note) [f] quaver croche [f]
Sechzehntel (Note) [f] semiquaver double croche [f]
Zweiunddreißigstel (Note) [f] demisemiquaver triple croche [f]
Vierundsechzigstel (Note) [f] hemidemisemiquaver quadruple croche [f]
Punktierte Note [f] dotted note note pointée [f]
Triole [f] triplet triolet [m]
Quintole [f] quintet quintolet [m]
Sextole [f] sextet sextolet [m]
Septole [f] septet septolet [m]
Synkope [f] syncopation syncope [f]

Notensystem

de Notensystem [n] en Stave fr Notation [f]
Note [f] note note [f]
Tonleiter [f] scale gamme [f]
Notenlinie [f] line of the stave portée [f]
Notenschlüssel [m] clef clé [f] (ou clef)
Violinschlüssel [m] treble clef clé de sol [f]
Bassschlüssel [m] bass clef clé de fa [f]
b (be - Erniedrigungszeichen) flat bémol [m]
# (Kreuz - Erhöhungszeichen) sharp dièse [m]
Auflösungszeichen [n] natural bécarre [m]
Vor- / Versetzungszeichen [n] accidental  
Hilfslinie [f] ledger line ligne suppélementaire [f]
Takt [m] bar mesure [la]
Auftakt [m] pickup levée [f]
Kopf (Coda) coda coda [f]
Wiederholung [f] repeat reprise [f]
Wiederholungszeichen [n] repeat sign  
Phrasierungsbogen [m] phrase marking liaison [f] (phrasé)
Bindebogen [m] slur liaison [f]
Haltebogen [m] tie  
Doppelstrich [m] double bar line double barre [f]
Pause [f] Rest pause [f]
ganze Pause [f] semibreve rest pause [f]
halbe Pause [f] minim rest demi pause [f]
Viertelpause [f] crotchet rest soupir [m]
Achtelpause [f] quaver rest demi soupir [m]
Sechszehntelpause [f] semiquaver rest quart de soupir [m]
Zweiunddreißigstelpause [f] demisemiquaver rest huitième de soupir [m]
Vierundsechzigstelpause [f] hemidemisemiquaver rest seizième de soupir [m]
4/4 Takt (C) common time  
2/2 Takt (C/ - alla breve) cut common  

Töne

de Töne [m pl] en notes fr notes [f pl]
C [n] C do [m]
Cis [n] C sharp do dièse [m]
Des [n] D flat ré bémol [m]
D [n] D [m]
Dis [n] D sharp ré dièse [m]
Es [n] E flat mi bémol [m]
E [n] E mi [m]
Eis [n] E sharp mi dièse [m]
Fes [n] F flat fa bémol [m]
F [n] F fa [m]
Fis [n] F sharp fa dièse [m]
Ges [n] G flat sol bémol [m]
G [n] G sol [m]
Gis [n] G sharp sol dièse [m]
As [n] A flat la bémol [m]
A [n] A la [m]
Ais [n] A sharp la dièse [m]
B [n] B flat si bémol [m]
H [n] B si [m]
His [n] B sharp si dièse [m]

Harmonien

de Harmonie [f] en harmony fr harmonie [f]
Akkord [m] chord accord [m]
Dreiklang [m] Triad accord de trois notes [m]

Oktaven

de Oktaven [f pl] en octaves fr octaves [f pl]
,,,C (Subsubkontra Oktave) [f] C-1 do -3 [m]
,,C (Subkontraoktave) [f] C0 do -2 [m]
,C (Kontraoktave) [f] C1 do -1 [m]
C (Große Oktave) [f] C2 do 1 [m]
c (kleine Oktave) [f] C3 do 2 [m]
c' (eingestrichene Oktave) [f] C4 do 3 [m]
c'' (zweigestrichene Oktave) [f] C5 do 4 [m]
c''' (dreigestrichene Oktave) [f] C6 do 5 [m]
c'''' (viergestrichene Oktave) [f] C7 do 6 [m]

Techniken

de Techniken [f pl] en techniques fr techniques [f pl]
Zungenschlag [m] tonguing coup de langue [m]
Doppelzunge [f] double tonguing double coup de langue [m]
Triolenzunge [f] triple tonguing triple coup de langue [m]
Flatterzunge [f] flutter tonguing flatterzunge [m]
Zwerchfell [n] diaphragm diaphragme [m]
Atemstütze [f]   colonne d'air [f]
Atmung [f] breathing respiration [f]
(einen Ton) anstoßen   attaquer (une note)
(Töne) binden   lier (les notes)

Material

de Material [n] en Equipment fr Matériel [f]
Notenständer [m] music stand pupitre [m]
Dämpfer [m] mute sourdine [f]
Marschgabel [f] lyre lyre [f]
Magnet [m] magnet aimant [m]
(Wäsche-)Klammer [f] peg pince (à linge) [m]

Musikprobe

de Musikprobe [f] en band practise fr Répétition [f]
Einspielen [n] warm-up échauffement [m]
mise en lèvre [f] (für Blechbläser)
Üben [n] practise exercice [m]
Probe [f] rehearsal répétition [f]
Register [n] register pupitre [m]

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